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ISSN : 1598-1142(Print)
ISSN : 2383-9066(Online)
Journal of architectural history Vol.28 No.6 pp.55-65

Modern Urbanization Process of Ganggyeong during the Japanese Colonial Period, focused on Installation of Urban Infrastructure

Hyun Tae-jun,Kim Ki-Joo,Lee Yeon-Kyung*
한국기술교육대학교 건축공학부 석사과정
한국기술교육대학교 건축공학부 교수
인천대학교 지역인문정보융합연구소 책임연구원
* Corresponding Author :
이 논문은 2018년도 한국기술교육대학교 교수연구제 파견연구비 지원에 의하여 연구되었음


Ganggyeong, a city which is located at riverside of Geum River, played a role to connect the inland cities and the coastal cities through the Geum river waterway. In Chosun dynasty, Ganggyeong was one of the three major markets in Korea, and at the same time, it was one of the two river docks in Korea. However, after the railway was installed in Korea, railroad was more important than waterway in transporting logistics and in 1911 Honam railroad and Ganggyeong railway station was installed. Thus it was necessary to reorganize urban structure of Ganggyeong city from the traditional river-dock city to modern railroad city. In addition, urban infrastructure to prevent flood damage was needed because Ganggyeong suffered from floods and water shortages every year. Therefore, between 1910s and 1930s large-scale social infrastructures including road, water and sewage system, river bank, floodgate was constructed not only to revitalize the declining city but also to prevent flood damage and water shortages that hinder urban development. The installation of urban infrastructure has enabled the urban expansion and development of Ganggyeong city, and it is still served as a basic urban structure.

일제강점기 도시기반시설의 설치를 통해 본 강경의 도시화 과정

한국기술교육대학교 건축공학부 석사과정
한국기술교육대학교 건축공학부 교수
인천대학교 지역인문정보융합연구소 책임연구원