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ISSN : 1598-1142(Print)
ISSN : 2383-9066(Online)
Journal of architectural history Vol.26 No.6 pp.77-88

A Study on the Type and Characteristics of the King Taejo’s Taesil in Joseon Dynasty

Ryu, Kee-Weon, Kim, Ki-Joo
* Corresponding Author : Kim, Ki-Joo


Ordinary people generally bury or burn placenta when the baby was born. But, Joseon royal family put placenta in pot and then buried it in propitious site praying for good health and long life. After that baby had become the king of Joseon, people built stone figures formed fixed type at that place. It is called gabong-taesil(加封胎室). The purpose of this study is to figure out the type and characteristics of the King Taejo’s taesil in Joseon Dynasty.
The King Taejo’s taesil had built first as soon as Joseon was established circa 1393, and repaired largely in 1689. Since then, this was damaged by the Japanese Empire and assembled in recent days at near place from the original place. Center piece of taesil remains the original form, and the rest of stone figures is assumed to be rebuilt in 1689. But, some materials like sangseok(裳石) and jeonseok(磚石) are assumed that are original stone figures or were made, assembled by the style of then.
Considering most of remained taesil is a relic of the latter part of Joseon Dynasty, the King Taejo’ taesil has high cultural value as the first gabong-taesil of Joseon Dynasty inheriting Goryeo Dynasty type.

조선 태조대왕 태실(胎室)의 형식과 특성

인하공업전문대학 건축과 강사, 한국기술교육대학교 디자인·건축공학부 교수